Home / History / European History / Louis XIV


Louis XIV

King of France 1643 to 1715

His reign of 72 years is the longest of any French Monarch and remains the longest of any European Monarch.

Question: Who is the longest reigning Monarch of France and, indeed, the longest reigning of all European Monarchs?

Answer: Louis XIV He reigned for 72 years having inherited the throne at the age of just four.

Question: By what nickname is Louis XIV of France usually referred to in history?

Answer: The Sun King He is also sometimes referred to as Louis the God-Given and Louis the Great 

Question: What is the name of the Palace built by Louis XIV?

Answer: Versailles  

Question: Louis XIV was just four years old when he became King of France.  Who ruled as his First Minister for the initial period of his reign?

Answer: Cardinal Richelieu  

Question: To which Royal Family did Louis XIV of France belong?

Answer: House of Bourbon

Question: In 1700, Louis XIV claimed the Spanish throne.  This would lead to a major European war.  What was the name of that war?

Answer: The War of Spanish Succession

Question: Who was the second of the two Chief Ministers that effectively ruled France during Louis XIV’s childhood?

Answer: Cardinal Mazarin

Question: In 1685, which Edict did Louis XIV revoke thus abolishing all rights of Protestants in France?

Answer: Edict of Nantes

Question: By what name are the persecuted Protestants of 17th and 18th Century France known?

Answer: Huguenots