IT & Internet

Question: Name the inventors responsible for the following:

  1. Who invented the computer?
  2. Who built the first computer?
  3. Who developed the first cloud computing network?
  4. Who invented the world wide web?
  5. What do these four people have in common?

Answers to the Questions:

  1. Charles Babbage
  2. Alan Turing
  3. Gordon Welchman
  4. Tim Berners-Lee
  5. They were all British

Question: The person who invented the computer, as we know it today, was unable to build it at the time because there was not the technology to do it. So his design existed only on paper. What was the name of this inventor?

Answer: Charles Babbage. Between 1832 and 1840 Charles Babbage designed a machine he called the Analytical Engine.  This design was eventually built exactly to his 5,000 pages of specifications by the Science Museum in London in 1991.

Question: What was the name of the world’s first electronic digital programmable computer?

Answer: Colossus. This was designed and built by Alan Turing at Bletchely Park during the Second World War.


World Wide Web

Question: Which country has the internet domain .cn?

Answer: China 

Question: Who in 1989 invented the world wide web?

Question: In which year was YouTube established?

Answer: 2005 

Question: In IT, what term is used for a network security system that prevents unauthorized access to or from a private network? 

Answer: Firewall 

Question: Which company has since 2001 been the largest supplier of home-use PCs?

Answer: Dell  

Question: Each website and web page has it own unique address or domain name.  These are usually referred to as URLs. What does URL stand for?

Answer: Uniform Resource Locators

Question: Which former renowned Bletchely Park code-breaker helped the American Military after the war to establish worldwide command and control systems on the anticipated development of the internet and cloud computing?

Answer: Gordon Welchman

Question: The digital optical disc storage format known today as a DVD was invented and developed by Phillips and Sony in 1995. What does DVD stand for?

Answer: Digital Versatile Disc Initially named Digital Video Disc, the name was changed because (i) Toshiba had previously used the name Digital Video Disc and (ii) Phillips & Sony wanted to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications so they decided that the abbreviation DVD would stand for Digital Versatile Disc 

Question: What was the name of the first graphical browser for the World Wide Web?

Answer: Mosaic  

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