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Wars & Battles

See also Questions about the following Wars and their Battles:

Question: In which war did the Battle of Rorke’s Drift take place?

Answer: The Anglo-Zulu War 1879  

Question: Which Second World War battle was named even before it had started?

Answer: The Battle of Britain  Winston Churchill broadcasting to the British people on the 18th June 1940 said, What General Weygand called the battle of France is over. I expect that the battle of Britain is about to begin. This comes from Churchill’s speech The Finest Hour. Click here to listen to an exert of this speech.

Question: In which war did the Battle of Goose Green take place?

Answer: Falklands War (1982)  

Question: In which European battle were cannons and gun powder first used?

Answer: Battle of Crécy (1346)  England deployed Cannons and Longbows, two weapons that were unknown to the French who, despite having a much larger army, suffered a heavy defeat.  

Question: In the British army, what rank of officer would normally be expected to command a Division?

Answer: Major-General  This is the equivalent of a Two Star General in the US Army.

Question: The Crimea War was fought against Russia in support of the Ottoman Turks.  Who was Britain’s other main ally?

Answer: France  

Question: In which war did the battle of Bunker Hill take place? 

Answer: American War of Independence  

Question: In which battle did the Charge of the Light Brigade take place?

Answer:  Battle of Balaclava (1854) It was one of the Battles of the Crimea War 

Question: What was the decisive engagement in the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588?

Answer: The Battle of Gravelines This is the naval engagement between English and Spanish fleets in 1588 not to be confused with the land battle of the same name where Spain defeated France near Calais in 1558.  

Question: During which War did Britain take ownership of Gibraltar?

Answer: The War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714 The Royal Navy captured Gibraltar on behalf of Britain’s ally Austria who was in dispute with France over the succession of the Spanish Crown. At the Treaty of Utrecht at the end of the war, both Spain and Austria ceded ownership of Gibraltar to Britain in perpetuity.

Question: Britain’s Royal Navy has fought and won two battles called the Battle of Cape St. Vincent with a 19 year gap between the two. Which of these was fought as part of the campaign to relieve the Great Seige of Gibraltar?

Answer: The first Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1780.  The second battle in 1797 was also fought against Spain but as part of the French Revolutionary Wars.  

Question: The First World War was not the first global war.  Which war was?

Answer: The Seven Years War 1756 – 1763  A global conflict involving every European power of the time and extending to five continents – Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines (Asia).

Question: Which Prussian King did Napoleon describe as one of the greatest Generals ever?

Answer: Frederick II aka Frederick the Great, King of Prussia 1740-1786  About Frederick, Napoleon said, “Gentlemen, if this man were still alive I would not be here”. 

Question: The American War of Independence did not lead to any agreement between America and the British Empire. Which war did lead to an agreement and the settling of borders between the USA and modern-day Canada?

Answer: The War of 1812  

Question: During the 20th century there was only one year in which a British soldier was not killed on Active Service.  Which year was that?

Answer: 1968  

Question: Which 17th century Swedish King was a military innovator who developed military structures and techniques that earned him the title, Father of Modern Warfare?

Answer: Gustavus Adolphus aka Gustav II Adolph.  The military structures that he developed are the basis for army structures to this day.